Bolsena is reached and crossed by the via Francigena.It is a journey, more properly a "path" of country lanes and ancient roads from France, from San Bernardo, that crosses part of Switzerland and Italy, to reach Rome. It is approximately 1000 Km long and organized into 44 stages, one of which reaches precisely Bolsena.
A location surrounded by nature, between Woods and olive groves, which leads travellers within the ancient caldera which now houses the Lake.The journey, accessible either on foot or by bicycle, was born around the end of the VIIth century by the need of the Lombards to connect the Duchy of Pavia to the southern Apennine areas, through a road that could pass away from the territories of Byzantine influence, reaching Rome through the last part of the ancient Cassia.
The connection, which crossed the Apennines along the Passo of the Cisa, became so habitual street to Lombard troops than as to push the inhabitants of those places to rename the mountain “Mons Langobardum ", from which came the ancient name of the street: precisely " Monte Bardone ".
Later, when these Territories came under the control of the Franks, the street name renamed starting to be called via Francigena, that is "Street originated from France". In a short time time the route became one of the main axis linking North and South of Europe,on which passing armies and merchants. Meanwhile, towards the end of the first Millennium and the beginning of the second, pilgrimages became an increasingly common practice, and so came the need to connect the main places of Christianity that were Jerusalem, Santiago de Compostela and Rome. And the lvia Francigena became a major junction between three large streets of faith of the Middle Ages..